LEARNING CENTER

Education Credits Aren’t Just for Children’s Tuition

Article Highlights:

  • Overview

  • Eligible Education Expenses

  • Credit Qualifications

  • American Opportunity Credit

  • Lifetime Learning Credit

  • Qualifications

  • Who Gets the Credit

If you think that education credits are just for sending your children to college, think again; the credits are available to you, your spouse (if you are married), and your dependents. Even if you or your spouse only attend school part time, you still may qualify for a tax credit.

There are two education-related tax credits available: the American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC) and the Lifetime Learning Credit (LLC). For either credit, the student must be enrolled in an eligible educational institution for at least one academic period (semester, trimester or quarter) during the year. An eligible educational institution is any accredited public, nonprofit, or proprietary postsecondary institution that can participate in the U.S. Department of Education’s student aid programs.

The credits phase out for higher-income taxpayers who are married filing jointly (MFJ) or who are unmarried. Those who are married filing separately (MFS) do not qualify for either credit.

Eligible Expenses – The following table defines the eligible and ineligible expenses that are used in determining the education expenses. This table illustrates the differences between expenses that qualify for the AOTC and the LLC.

ELIGIBLE EDUCATION EXPENSES

EXPENSE

NOTES

AOTC

LLC

Computer

If needed for attendance at the educational institution.

See Notes

No

Computer Software

If needed for attendance at the educational institution. Sports, games, hobbies only if educational in nature.

See Notes

No

Course Materials and Supplies

For the LLC only if purchased from the institution as a condition of attendance.

Yes

See Notes

Equipment

Required for enrollment or attendance.

Yes

No

Fees

Required for enrollment or attendance.

Yes

Yes

Fees, Non-Academic

Only if they are required to attend.

Yes

Yes

Fees, Student Activity

Paid to the educational institution.

Yes

Yes

Internet Service

If needed for attendance at the educational institution.

Yes

No

Travel Expenses

-

No

No

Tuition: Higher Education

-

Yes

Yes

Tuition: Hobby, sports, games, non-credit courses.

If part of student’s degree program for AOTC and LLC. For LLC if required to acquire or improve job skills.

See Notes

See Notes

Credit Qualifications – There are differences in the qualifications for each credit as illustrated in the following table.

CREDIT QUALIFICATIONS & AMOUNTS

QUALIFICATIONS & AMOUNTS

AOTC

LLC

Allowance Period

First 4 years of postsecondary education

Any postsecondary education for any number of years

Enrollment

Must be considered at least a half-time student by the educational institution

Not required to be enrolled at least half-time

Program Type

Must be pursuing a program leading to a degree or another recognized educational credential

Not required to be enrolled for the purpose of obtaining a degree or other credential

Credit Applied

Per student

Per family

Credit Amount

100% of the first $2,000 and 25% of the next $2,000 in qualified expenses

20% of up to $10,000 in qualified expenses

Qualified Expenses

Qualified tuition and related expenses, which include books, supplies and equipment required for enrollment or attendance

Qualified tuition and related expenses; the books, supplies and equipment must be purchased from the educational institution

High Income Phase-out. Based upon filing status and adjusted gross income.

Married Filing Joint: $160,000 to $180,000
Married Filing Separate: No credit allowed.
Unmarried: $80,000 to $90,000

Married Filing Joint: $160,000 to  $180,000
Married Filing Separate: No credit allowed.
Unmarried: $80,000 to $90,000

Refundable*

Partially; 40% of the credit is treated as refundable

No

*Generally, credits are nonrefundable, meaning that they can only be used to offset your tax liability; any amount exceeding your current-year tax liability is lost. However, unlike other credits, the AOTC is partially refundable in most cases.

Many individuals who both work and attend school can be enrolled less than halftime and still qualify for the LLC.

Another interesting twist to education credits is that the taxpayer who qualifies for and claims the student’s exemption for the year gets the credit—even if someone else pays the expenses. Thus, for example, even if a noncustodial parent pays a child’s college expenses, the custodial parent gets the credit if he or she is otherwise qualified. The same applies when grandparents help pay for their grandchild’s education; the grandparents do not qualify for the credit unless they, and not the child’s parents, claim the student as a dependent.

Generally, the educational institution sends a Form 1098-T to the taxpayer (or dependent); this includes the information necessary to complete the IRS form and claim the credit. Unless the IRS has exempted the educational institution from having to file a 1098-T, the law requires the taxpayer to have this 1098-T in hand to claim either of the credits. In the latter case, the taxpayer will need to be able to document the student’s enrollment at an eligible educational institution, and substantiate the amount of any scholarships received and the tuition payment(s) made and related expenses.

If you have questions about how these education tax credit provisions apply to you, please give this office a call.

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